Attenzione! Traduzione in corso!
Una distribuzione professionale
(Languages: DE, EN, es_ES, JA, LT, zh_TW)
I membri del Progetto openSUSE sono lieti di annunciare il rilascio della nuova versione minore di Leap; openSUSE Leap 42.2! openSUSE Leap è realizzata per offrire la pace dei sensi agli utenti che esigono stabilità e a coloro che adottano la tecnologia con un approccio conservativo. openSUSE 42.2 è basata sul kernel Linux 4.4 con supporto a lungo termine (LTS) ed è adatto anche come sistema operativo server sicuro, stabile e affidabile per il dispiegamento di servizi IT in ambienti fisici, virtuali e cloud.
Un processo selettivo di inclusione dei pacchetti stabili in openSUSE Leap 42.2 offre un nuovo significato ai termini Ottimizzazione di Linux; openSUSE Leap è semplicemente una scelta sicura che offre un ambiente desktop professionale e amichevole e un ambiente server ricco di caratteristiche.
A selective process of including well-established packages in openSUSE Leap 42.2 gives new meaning to the term Linux Optimization; openSUSE Leap is simply the safe choice that offers Linux professionals a user-friendly desktop and a feature-rich server environment.
Continuing the tradition of using source code from SUSE Linux Enterprise (SLE), openSUSE Leap 42.2 provides a level of stability unmatched by other Linux distributions. With community-built packages on top of Leap's enterprise reliability, openSUSE Leap users benefit both from community and enterprise maintenance efforts.
Contributions to openSUSE Leap from SUSE include several new features like Network Functions Virtualization capabilities that combines Open vSwitch with the Data Plane Development Kit to process packets faster. YaST also has a significant amount of improvements and new features.
Community contributions were equally enormous as more than 1,400 new packages made it into this newest Leap version, with 42.2 providing 17% more packages than 42.1.
One of those community packages includes GNU Health Version 3.0.4. This Free Health and Hospital Information System is used by hospitals, governments and institutions under a free license. GNU Health allows management and analysis of a huge amount of data and aspects.
Another new package in Leap 42.2 is Prelude Security Information & Event Management (SIEM) system, which collects, normalizes, sorts, aggregates, correlates and reports all security-related events (IDMEF).
A large community effort and cooperation between openSUSE and KDE has brought a Long-Term Support version for Plasma 5.8, which improves multiple monitor support out-of-the-box.
Leap provides an ideal dev-to-production model with SLE for developers and system administrators who want to align their development and production environments. openSUSE Leap is highly stable and is a safe choice for sysadmins, developers and desktop users.
The newest Leap version improves user capabilities with snapper snapshots that are based on the Btrfs filesystem. A new Btrfs concept for quota makes snapper much less disk-hungry. It is configured by default on fresh installations and can be manually setup after upgrading to Leap 42.2. Snapper is a poka-yoke and can give system administrators confidence about updating new packages and rolling back the system if any errors occur.
Leap also offers users, developers and system administrators an easy path to move to other operating systems like openSUSE's faster, more updated distribution Tumbleweed, with the newest upstream packages and software versions provided on a rolling release basis, or to an enterprise-level support system with SLE.
See for yourself why openSUSE Leap is an acclaimed community-enterprise distribution.
openSUSE Leap 42.2 is...
That’s right. After basing openSUSE Leap 42.1 on SLE (SUSE Linux Enterprise), Leap 42.2 gets even more source code from the release of SLE 12 Service Pack 2. New technologies such as NVDIMM, OmniPATH, Data Plane Development Kit with openVSwitch are back ported for the release. XEN no longer requires it's own kernel and is supported by the default kernel. Along with the shared SLE codebase, openSUSE Leap 42.2 gets packages, maintenance and bug fixes from the openSUSE community and SUSE engineers. The 42 series of Leap achieves at a minimum 36 months of maintenance and security updates starting from 42.1.
openSUSE Leap 42.2 is the first Leap release to offer a Server profile as clear option during the installation. With no graphical environment, a Server install of Leap stands ready to do whatever you need from it. Something as simple as running a Web or Mail platform is easier than ever, as are complex projects using virtualization or container technologies.
It's also good to remember that Leap and all other openSUSE and SLE distributions have support for a full-featured textmode installer, giving all the same functionality as the graphical installer without the need for X. Our installer is also fully capable of doing installations remotely using VNC or SSH, letting you set up your openSUSE Leap server without needing to be anywhere near it at all.
The Return of the Konqi
Konqi has returned and is in full force. Plasma 5.8 brings a whole new component to openSUSE Leap. As the first Long Term Supported release for Plasma, Plasma 5.8 complements stability-minded Leap users. In unison with Qt 5.6 and Frameworks 5.26, Plasma 5.8 will bring Leap 42.2 users excellent KDE reliability and stability.
The 4.4 LTS Linux Kernel for openSUSE Leap 42.2 improves file system performance and features, including a new balance filter for Btrfs. The default kernel now has paravirtualization enabled. The kernel version also improves cryptography and security support for Trusted Platform Module 2.0 chips as well as adds support for nested Virtualization through KVM. Networking is dramatically improved for IP Virtual Server and IPv6 and of course there is more updates and changes for the multiple architectures.
I collegamenti per il download di openSUSE Leap 42.2 si possono trovare alla pagina software.opensuse.org. Consigliamo di leggere le Note di Rilascio ufficiali prima di aggiornare o installare il sistema operativo.
Gli utenti che attualmente stanno usando openSUSE Leap 42.1 possono effettuare l'aggiornamento a openSUSE Leap 42.2 attraverso le istruzioni fornite a questo link.
Il port per l'architettura AArch64 è ora abbastanza maturo da essere considerato stabile. ARMv7 è entrato con successo nella sfera di openSUSE ed è disponibile da subito, dando la possibilità agli utenti di aggiornare dalla versione 13.2. Maggiori informazioni per i differenti sistemi ARM, possono essere trovate nel portale dedicato a questa architettura.
openSUSE Leap 42.2 rappresenta uno sforzo combinato di migliaia di sviluppatori che partecipano nelle nostre distribuzioni e nei progetti legati. I contributori, dentro e fuori il Progetto openSUSE, dovrebbero andare fieri di questa versione e per questo si meritano un grande "grazie" per tutto il duro lavoro e la cura che ci hanno messo. Crediamo che openSUSE Leap sia la distribuzione GNU/Linux ideale per utenti, sviluppatori e amministratori di sistema. Speriamo che possiate divertirvi usandola e non vediamo l'ora di lavorare con voi nella prossima versione o in Tumbleweed.
Strumenti e ambienti di sviluppo
openSUSE Leap 42.2 porta con se una matura versione delle librerie grafiche Qt con supporto a lungo termine (5.6). Con più di 800 miglioramenti dalla precedente versione di openSUSE, Qt 5.6 include anche alcune risoluzioni di bug di sicurezza non critici nel Framework Qt e nelle librerie di terze parti.
gtk 3.20, condivisa con SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 SP2, offre uno strumento di sviluppo solido e stabile per realizzare applicazioni basate su gtk. GNOME Builder è offerto come un potente ambiente di sviluppo general purpose non solo per applicazioni gtk basate sui linguaggi C, C++ e Vala, ma anche molti altri linguaggi di programmazione.
Per tutte le tue necessità di compilazione openSUSE Leap 42.2 contiene GCC 4.8.5, 5.3.1 e 6.1.1. Anche llvm-clang è disponibile nella versione 3.8.0. Inoltre la distribuzione include CMake 3.5, offrendo un ambiente di compilazione potente e multipiattaforma per gli sviluppatori.
Il toolkit OpenSSL è presente in openSUSE Leap 42.2 nella versione 1.0.2h, che modifica il comportamento di ALPN e previene un'eccessiva allocazione della memoria da parte di ASN.1 BIO. OpenSSH è aggiornata alla versione 7.2p2 e sanitizza le credenziali di autenticazione di X11.
Linguaggi e librerie
Tra i linguaggi di programmazione che è possibile trovare in openSUSE Leap 42.2 annoveriamo Python 2.7, Ruby 2.1 e Perl 5.18. Questa versione di openSUSE aggiorna le librerie libvirt (alla 2.0), libzypp (alla 16.2) e si basa su glibc 2.22 e libsigc++ 2.8.
openSUSE Leap 42.2 is full of virtualization solutions. QEMU 2.6.1 and VirtualBox 5.0.24 make openSUSE Leap 42.2 a perfect base system to distribute applications. Set up is easy with YaST and gnome-boxes, so you'll be able deploy solutions quickly and easily. openSUSE Leap 42.2 has Xen and KVM. It also supports Linux containers in the form of both Docker and LXC.
YaST Sprints leading up to the release of openSUSE Leap 42.2 have brought tons of goodness and are making YaST more intuitive than ever. The YaST community revamped the user interface to improve usability and continues adding new tools and modules that have been in Tumbleweed for some time and are now been added to the Leap family.
yast2-alternatives is a new module to manage openSUSE's alternatives system developed during Google Summer of Code 2016. Another module, yast2-vpn, is a module for configuring VPN gateway and clients. yast2-auth-client is another module to configure centralized system authentication and it has been almost completely rewritten. New features to YaST have improved bootloader management, which offers support for Trusted Boot and has a revamped configuration of password protection. yast2-firewall now includes full support for firewalld, in addition to the already existing SuSEFirewall2.
When something goes wrong during installation, the system now offers the possibility of starting a debugger; users with Ruby knowledge can use it to check what went wrong or even to work around the problem. There have also been several enhancements, including installer memory usage being significantly reduced. The selection and configuration of keyboard layouts and console fonts has also been adapted for better compatibility with systemd. There are several other YaST improvements that can be found on the features page.
openSUSE Leap has Samba 4.4.2, which has improved support for working against a Windows 2003 domain. systemd 228 creates a plain directory instead of a subvolume (even on a Btrfs file system) if the root directory is a plain directory, and not a subvolume, which should simplify things with certain chroot() environments which are not aware of the concept of btrfs subvolumes. AppStream version in Leap enhances the interaction of software repositories. MariaDB remains the same version as it was in the previous release and MySQL's small upgrade to version 5.1.35 resolves a number of issues including a failover being triggered inadvertently and a failover process that kept trying to connect to an unavailable server.
It is also worth remembering that openSUSE Leap uses Delta RPMs for all maintenance updates, ensuring that the long term bandwidth requirements for maintaining your Leap system are as small as possible.
LibreOffice 5 in GNOME 3.20
openSUSE Leap 42.2 is the first to offer KDE's Long Term Support edition of its flagship desktop software, Plasma. Feature rich with excellent performance, Plasma 5.8 LTS is the default desktop environment in openSUSE. Previous KDE users who moved away should reassess this release, with Plasma 5.8 bringing significant improvements in stability as well as new features. Plasma 5.8 improves multiple monitor support out-of-the-box in openSUSE Leap 42.2.
Jump List Actions are new in KRunner and it doesn't only open applications, but can be used to start certain actions directly when the application starts. Drag and drop support was added to bring search result to any application. System administrators will enjoy the Kiosk support from an improved Plasma in Leap 42.2. Android phone users can get phone integration with KDE Connect from the Google Play store; all they need to do is enable the KDE Connect service in the SUSE firewall module in YaST. Using KDE Connect, users can get text messages on their desktop or easily transfer files to their phone.
The stability of GNOME 3.20 offers conservative upgrade users new privacy controls to improve per-application location access, quick access to media controls directly from the shell, and keyboard shortcuts and gestures can be easily learned with new shortcut overlay windows. Many GNOME applications have shortcut windows for 3.20, including Files, Videos, Photos, gedit, Builder, Maps and more. In each application, the shortcut window can be opened from the application menu, or by using the Ctrl+/ or Ctrl+F1 shortcut. GNOME can now access Google Drive directly from the Files application in openSUSE Leap 42.2. More than 28,000 changes were made for GNOME 3.20 by approximately 870 contributors. Check out the release notes for GNOME 3.20.
Other desktop environments
openSUSE Leap 42.2 offers users the option to choose their desktop; try MATE, Xfce, Enlightenment or Cinnamon. LXQt 0.11.0, which has an improved user experience thanks to several bug fixes, ships in openSUSE Leap 42.2, but is not available in the installer. LXQt 0.11.0 introduces pavucontrol-Qt, the Qt port of PulseAudio’s mixer pavucontrol the UI of which is based upon GTK.
This openSUSE release is the first to use Weblate to coordinate the translation of openSUSE into more than 50 languages. openSUSE's Weblate interface enables everyone (from dedicated translators to casual contributors) to take part in the process and makes it possible to coordinate the translations of openSUSE with the ones for SUSE Enterprise Linux, boosting collaboration between community and enterprise.
About the openSUSE Project
The openSUSE Project is a worldwide community that promotes the use of Linux everywhere. It creates two of the world’s best Linux distributions, the Tumbleweed rolling-release, and Leap, the hybrid enterprise-community distribution. openSUSE is continuously working together in an open, transparent and friendly manner as part of the worldwide Free and Open Source Software community. The project is controlled by its community and relies on the contributions of individuals, working as testers, writers, translators, usability experts, artists and ambassadors or developers. The project embraces a wide variety of technology, people with different levels of expertise, speaking different languages and having different cultural backgrounds. Learn more about it on opensuse.org